Electrical Equipment Safety
Preventive maintenance is performed on all equipment on an
annual basis, or more often if recommended by the
manufacturer. The preventive maintenance may take the form
of biomedical engineering.
Biomedical testing will be conducted on all electrical
equipment which comes into contact with any patient,
employee, or staff person. Such testing will be performed on
an annual basis, or consistent with manufacturer's
1. A biomedical engineering service will be contracted to
perform testing of all electrical equipment used in the
patient care areas; such testing will be conducted on an
annual basis or--more often--if recommended by the
manufacturer. Reports of findings will be kept on file.
2. Biomedical service recommendations for repair will be
carried out by appropriate personnel. A separate file
will be maintained for tracking purposes.
3. Appropriate personnel shall conduct daily inspection of
all electrical equipment used in patient care. When
applicable, prior to the start of the first surgery, the
monitors are turned on and the alarm system is verified
on each piece of alarmed equipment.
Any equipment observed to be compromised will be removed
Once a piece of equipment has been observed to be
defective, it will be tagged as 'Defective'/'Not To Be
Used' and removed from the immediate area. The
biomedical technician will be called immediately to
service the equipment or the equipment will be returned
to the manufacturer for service.
If equipment fails while being used on a patient or if
equipment known to be defective is not removed from the
area and is used on a patient, the following actions will
A. Recorded as a Incident or Unanticipated Sequella
B. Reported to the malpractice carrier
C. Root Cause Analysis is performed to preclude the
possibility of similar incidents from occurring in
D. Possible sentinel event will be reported. (see policy
on sentinel event).
4. The following electrical safety recommendations are
important to remember:
A. Do not overload electrical circuits under any
B. An extension cord should be used to service only a
single portable lamp or a piece of portable
apparatus of no more than (and preferably less than)
15 amperes and less than 250 volts. Extension cords
shall not be used in conjunction with heat-producing
They shall not be used in electrically susceptible
patient locations, in the presence of flammables or
in other high hazard areas.
C. Extension cords may not be used as a substitute for
permanent wiring. They should not be hung over
electrical conductors, such as pipes, or placed
under tension or coiled while in use.
D. All extension cords must be made of continuous
lengths of heavy duty cable with no splices or tape
with three current-carrying conductors, one of which
is a ground wire. The cord should have a grounded
receptacle and plug cap. Metal clad plug caps shall
not be used.
E. The following conditions should be immediately
reported to maintenance or supervisory personnel
-Any wire, especially a power cord, that has
frayed, worn, burned or cut insulation.
-Any plug that is broken, bent or loose.
-Switches that are loose or do not snap
definitely from one position to another.
-Control knobs that are loose or do not turn
-Switches, knobs, or other controls that do not
consistently produce the expected result when
they are operated.
-Pilot lights that are burned out.
-Any event which suggests to the user that a
is not operating properly.
F. The National Electrical Code suggests a ground fault
circuit interrupter as protection wherever portable
electrical devices are used in wet or damp locations.
Approved By Governing Board