Disaster Preparedness: Earthquake


 
POLICY:
 
In case of an earthquake, the ultimate concern is for the 
safety of the patients, visitors, employees and professional 
staff.
 
PROCEDURE:
 
1.  Personnel should protect themselves and patients from 
    falling objects.  Duck or drop down to the floor.  Take 
    cover under a sturdy desk, table, or other furniture.  
    Hold on to it and be prepared to move with it.  Hold the 
    position until the ground stops shaking and it is safe to 
    move.  Stay clear of windows, heavy equipment, and 
    medical gases canisters.  
 
2.  DO NOT RUN OUTSIDE!  There is a danger of falling glass 
    and/or building parts.
 
3.  When the shaking stops, personnel should make an 
    immediate check of all persons and report any injuries or 
    damage to the Medical Director and/or the senior 
    supervisory person on-site.
 
4.  FIRST AID should be administered as needed, moving the 
    injured or those in a danger area.
 
5.  Make a check of the facility for the following:
    A.  Fire or fire hazards
    B.  Gas leaks
    C.  Damaged electrical wiring: shut off power at the main 
        control if there is sparking, electrical shorts, or 
        the smell of hot wires

    D.  Broken glass or spilled liquids such as medicine, 
        drugs, bleach, lye, or petroleum products
    E.  Fallen items in closets and cupboards
    F.  Damaged medical gas canisters
    G.  Telephones shaken off receivers (tie up telephone 
        network unnecessarily)
    H.  Doors not operable
    I.  Weakness in ceilings or walls
 
6.  Close all drapes or curtains. This will protect room 
    occupants from the danger of falling glass during any 
    aftershock.  Leave all undamaged doors open unless there 
    is a fire.
 
7.  STAY CALM.  Make every effort to calm the fears of
    others.  Keep people away from windows, skylights and
    overhead lighting fixtures.
 
8.  Access emergency flashlights and battery powered radio; 
    check operation of emergency generator or alternative 
    power source.
 
9.  The decision to evacuate the facility will be made by the 
    Medical Director*.  Evacuation should only be attempted 
    when a safe relocation area is available.
 
10. BE PREPARED FOR AFTERSHOCKS.  They can be strong enough 
    to cause further damage to an already weakened structure.
 
11. Make every effort to return facility to normal 
    operation.  If the facility is operational, be prepared 
    to assist emergency personnel in triaging or providing
    care to injured persons.

*In the absence of the Medical Director, the senior physician 
or senior administrative person on site will make this 
decision.

Approved By Governing Board    
DP.3    
Control #241.0